The Right Honourable Dominic Raab, First Secretary of State and Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs,

Her Excellency Sheikh Hasina, Honourable Prime Minister of Bangladesh and Chair of the Climate Vulnerable Forum,

Distinguished Heads of State and Government,

His Excellency Former President and Speaker of the Maldives Parliament, Mohamed Nasheed, the CVF Thematic Ambassador,

His Excellency Antonio Guterres, Secretary General of the United Nations

Ministers, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,

On behalf of President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, and the people of the Maldives, I congratulate you, Honourable Prime Minister, for assuming the role of the Chair of the Climate Vulnerable Forum. I also wish to extend greetings and sincere good wishes to you and the people of Bangladesh. Your vast experience and exemplary leadership of Bangladesh on climate related issues would be invaluable in advancing the work of this important Forum.

Let me also take this opportunity to congratulate Former President of Maldives, and current Speaker of the Maldives Parliament, His Excellency Mohamed Nasheed for being appointed as the Climate Vulnerable Forum Thematic Ambassador for Ambition. The Government of Maldives is delighted and proud to see such an eminent personality from the Maldives being appointed to this high post. We have no doubt that, given his leadership on climate change issues globally, he would be able to bring much needed impetus to the work of this Forum.

Excellencies,

“Emphasised that action is required by all countries” and we expressed “our determination, as vulnerable States, to demonstrate leadership on climate change”. This was the message echoed by the world’s most vulnerable countries at the first Climate Vulnerable Forum in Male’, from where I join you all today. Eleven years later, we renew our call for scaled up ambition to tackle climate change by submitting stronger and more enhanced NDCs, and reducing emissions to keep the global temperature increase within 1.5 degrees. The outcome of this timely and important event must be bolder, and more ambitious climate action.

Excellencies,

We welcomed the Decade of Action after much anticipation, having made advancements in achieving SDGs and progress in fulfilling our commitments in the Paris Agreement. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has halted all the progress, magnified vulnerabilities, and crippled our economies. This has affected our ability to tackle the climate emergency. The road ahead is long and difficult.

Although much of the world still treats climate change as a distant concern, the Maldives has continuously emphasized its immediate existential threat – to us, other small island states and coastal communities. Our highest land elevation is 1.2 meters and 98 per cent of our national territory consists of the ocean. Sea-level rise, unpredictable weather and other environmental phenomena caused by human activity will seal our country’s fate to that of the history books. This, Excellencies, is our lived reality. This is not acceptable.

At the national level, we are doing all we can. We have also partnered with like-minded countries, as well as private sector and non-governmental organizations that share our goals and concerns.

Excellencies,

Despite our sincere efforts, or forceful moral example, we simply cannot do this alone. Climate change does not recognise borders and does not discriminate. As we look forward to COP 26 in Glasgow next year, we must continue to walk the talk. We, in the CVF, continue to stand out due to our willingness to match our words with meaningful action, despite our many limitations. The time to do better has long passed and the time for more ambitious action is right now.

However, this ambition can only be realised with access to adequate, predictable and sustainable finance. The share of this finance is far too less for the most vulnerable communities to climate change. This needs to change for the better.

Despite our differences, our shared responsibility to the future generations in ensuring they inherit a habitable planet must endure. I am confident that the CVF will play an important role in ensuring that our hopes and dreams for a better world are realised. Our blueprint for survival and building back better is investing in a greener, bluer and cleaner economy.

Before I conclude, I would like to echo the words of President Solih in his statement at the Secretary-General’s Climate Action Summit in 2019: “We are asking you to do better. To do more.”

Thank you.

I would like to convey my appreciation to you for convening this important meeting and to the Secretary General for his unwavering commitment towards achieving the goal of the total elimination of nuclear weapons.

The annual commemoration of the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons is a stark reminder of the imminent threat to humanity, posed by nuclear weapons and the pressing need to find common solutions. Seventy-five years ago, in a show of unprecedented multilateral cooperation, the world came together with the noble aspiration to eliminate nuclear arsenals and weapons of mass destruction. That it was the subject of the very first resolution of this organization demonstrates the importance attached to this issue.

We all know too well that failure carries a heavy price. We are also aware of the catastrophic consequences of the use of even one single atomic bomb. Yet, today the world is in possession of 15,000 nuclear weapons. As long as these dangerous weapons exists, so, too will the risk of its proliferation and use.

When it comes to our common goal of nuclear disarmament, we cannot be complacent, nor lag behind. We must remember that every effort towards nuclear disarmament is a step towards strengthening international peace and security. It would foster greater economic development and enable more prosperity.

Mr. President,

The Maldives is not a producer of any weapons, nor do we have any aspirations to do so in the future. We have remained unwavering in our efforts to strengthen the global architecture on international peace and security. Last year, the Government of the Maldives ratified the United Nations Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and acceded to the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the UN Arms Trade Treaty. We believe these instruments are critical for the nuclear non-proliferation legal framework.  We urge those states that have not ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons to do so as soon as possible, so that it may enter into force.

We welcome the convening of the First Session of the Conference on the Establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons and other Weapons of Mass Destruction according to the General Assembly Decision 73/546.

The Maldives firmly believes that security and strength is achieved not through weapons, but through investment in the well-being of our people and our environment. We improve our welfare by reducing poverty, investing in sustainable development, guaranteeing fundamental human rights, strengthening democratic processes, and increasing our resilience to the impacts of climate change. Disarmament is essential if we are to have peaceful and inclusive societies, as envisaged in Goal Sixteen of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

I thank you.

Bismilliah ah Rahmaan ah raheem

Mr President, Mr Secretary General, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen

Congratulations Mr President, on your election as the President of the seventy-fifth session of the UN General Assembly. A distinguished person of your wisdom and caliber at the helm of this assembly brings comfort, during these extraordinary times we face.

I also wish to express our heartfelt appreciation to the outgoing President for his excellent stewardship of our work through unforeseen challenges.

Secretary General, my country applauds your sincere and hard work during these tiring times.

“A handful though we are, we dedicate ourselves to the principles of this world body and declare our faith in the support of the Charter of the United Nations”.

Mr President,

These were among the first words that the first Permanent Representative of the Maldives to the United Nations Mr Ahmed Hilmy Didi spoke at this chamber, 55 years ago. 55 years ago, we declared our firm conviction that “the UN is the chief architect” of peace. 55 years later, our conviction remains stronger than ever.

Today, as we grapple with one of the greatest global challenges in recent history, deliberating “the future we want, the United Nations we need” and “reaffirming our collective commitment to multilateralism” not only seems opportune but a necessity.

The stark and tragic images of the Covid19 pandemic still remain etched in our minds. Healthcare workers treating patients on makeshift beds. Undertakers struggling to bury the dead. Empty roads, empty schools, empty airports. And the eerie silence blanketing it all…

In the Maldives – a vibrant and thriving nation - our lives, came to a standstill, almost overnight. With no tourists, revenue declined, and debt increased. The economy is set to contract – for the first time in a decade.

Responding quickly to the Covid19 health impacts was our first priority. We immediately declared a National Health Emergency. President Solih established the National Emergency Operations Center, and chaired the Committee’s meetings himself. We boosted testing capacity, established Covid treatment facilities, mobilised and trained healthcare workers. The dedication of our frontline workers in ensuring effective provision of quality healthcare, and uninterrupted services has been extraordinary.

Our second priority was to minimise shock to the economy, and support households and businesses. Income support, stimulus packages, debt moratorium, and tax reliefs programs have been initiated; Social security including universal health insurance, single parent support and elderly pensions, have continued despite many logistical and financial challenges.

A National Taskforce on Response and Recovery has been constituted, and it has prioritised building resilience into our post Covid action plan. The aim is to ensure that the development gains we have made over the past decades are not eroded; to ensure that development projects promised and planned go forward without delay; and to ensure that our commitment to the 2030 Agenda, ensuring that no one is left behind, does not remain unfulfilled.

Mr President,

There are many lessons that can already be learnt from Covid19.

First, the asymmetries in the international system have been laid bare like never before – whether it be the unevenness of the impacts, the digital divide, the deep shocks due to disruptions in supply chains - no country has been spared from the impacts. But not every country has been affected in equal measure. In countries like mine, where tourism contributions both directly and indirectly account for 75% of GDP, the loss has been immeasurable.

Second, the toll that debt burdens have on the economies of Small Island Developing States like the Maldives is clearer now. We appreciate the G20’s debt service suspension initiative. But there is little difference between 31st December and 1st January, apart from the change in year. Economies will still be in recovery, and hurting. So, we request the G20 to extend their initiative until the end of 2021.

But, debt suspension is only half the story for SIDS. We need structural change, innovative facilities, and better and greater access to concessional financing. We need a proper assessment of our vulnerabilities that will shape the way for better-targeted approaches in SIDS.

Third, the pandemic has also highlighted the importance of global cooperation. In the Maldives, without the support of our friends, our bilateral and multilateral partners, we would not be able to continue weathering this storm. As we work towards finding a vaccine, our hope is that every person who needs it will have access to it. That we will work together to ensure equitable access.

I thank all our partners who have generously extended financial, material and technical support during this crisis, even when they themselves are going through challenging times. One such example is India. The recent budget support of 250 million US dollars, was the single largest financial assistance from a donor during this pandemic.

Mr President,

The Covid pandemic has given us the opportunity to recalibrate our approach to development, and focus on building a more resilient world – one that delivers for planet, people, and prosperity.

For countries like mine – climate change remains a significant threat – but also a threat that is difficult to overcome on our own. The number of islands that require emergency shore protection, flood or disaster relief are rising each year. The frequency, and severity of the events are pushing towards the limits of adaptation. There is also an increasing trend on the slow-onset events such as sea level rise. For the Maldives, the impacts of climate change are no longer the future. For us, it is our lived reality.

But climate change does not discriminate. It does not recognise borders. Big or small, rich or poor, every nation is facing the impacts, although at different scales and magnitudes. Climate change is a risk multiplier. It continues to be a threat to international security.

Our hope is in realising the lofty ambitions of the Paris Agreement. What we need is stronger NDCs by all countries. We will most certainly submit ours! We need actual realisation of pledges made, including financial commitments. We need easier, and faster access to finance. Climate financing has to be new, additional and predictable in nature, and rolled out now, to achieve the target we set in 2015. Adaptation is no longer something to plan for, in the future. It is our every day.

As we rebuild our economies after Covid, it must not be business as usual. We have to use this as an opportunity to build back greener. In doing so, no country should be left alone. This is another opportunity to reduce emissions to keep global temperature rise below 1.5 celsius. Let us make the road to Glasgow, one that is paved with meaningful action that includes all.

Meaningful action is also required towards the protection of our ocean. Millions of people rely on the ocean and its bounty, for their survival. For Maldivians, as custodians of over 90,000 sqkm of the Indian Ocean, it is part of our identity, our way of life, our economy.

This is why protecting the ocean from the harmful impacts of marine plastic pollution is crucial for us, and many other countries like us. President Solih announced here at the GA last year, our pledge to phase out single use plastics by 2023. We continue to work with like-minded countries for an effective international framework to this end. We have committed to the protection of 20% of our own waters and are also committed to working with the Global Ocean Alliance towards achieving the global target of protecting 30% of the ocean in the coming years.

Friends, it is our shared responsibility to preserve, and sustainably use, the ocean and all of its bounty. Let us not fail. Not on our watch!

Mr President,

Ensuring human rights is fundamental to a progressive society, and sustainable development. The promotion and protection of human rights is a cornerstone of President Solih’s administration from its inception.

Of the core human rights Conventions, Maldives has ratified seven, and withdrawn several of the reservations to CEDAW. We will also ratify the Convention on Enforced Disappearances in the coming months. The Child Rights Protection Act, and the Juvenile Justice Act are recent examples of our efforts to align our legal instruments with international obligations.

We have also ratified the Third Optional Protocol to CRC, and signed the Declaration under Article 22 of the Convention Against Torture, allowing for enhanced access to justice.

We firmly believe that a rights-based approach prioritises the empowerment of all segments of society – especially women and youth. For the first time, the Government is working on a draft Youth Bill that will identify and ensure the rights of young people, including their participation in decision-making. A multi-dimensional, holistic approach that includes leadership, political participation, gender equality, counter-radicalisation, health and wellbeing, guides our youth policies.

Mainstreaming gender equality in society, and in public life, is an ongoing process - a process that no country has completed. As we move towards marking the 25th anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women, every effort must be made to reaching the vision of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. In the Maldives, several steps have been taken in the right direction. For example, recent amendments brought to Local Councils Act allocated a third of all local council seats to women, ensuring their participation in the decentralised goverance system. I am also proud to announce that we have achieved gender parity among Heads of Missions of the Maldives Foreign Service.

It is because of the importance the Maldives places on the promotion and protection of human rights that the Government has taken the decision to present its candidature for the Human Rights Council for the term 2023-2025. We believe that domestic and global efforts to promote and protect human rights go hand-in-hand. And as a Small, Island State, we wish to share the unique experiences of our efforts to align our laws, and cultivate a culture of respect for human rights.

Mr President,

Terrorism remains one of the most complex and challenging global issues of our time – one that requires cooperation, coordination, and also consensus. We have to work together to address the root causes of terrorism and violent extremism, especially in light of advances in social media and digital technology.

The global community also has to work together to ensure the rights of the Palestinian people. For decades, Palestinians have cried out for dignity, respect, and statehood – to no avail. We reiterate our call for a two State solution on the basis of the pre1967 borders with East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine.

The Rohingya people continue to endure extreme deprivation and hardships. We will not standby and stand witness to genocide. We will do all we can to challenge the mistreatment, displacement and wanton killing of the Rohingya people. We will continue to advocate on their behalf, including at the International Court of Justice.

Mr President,

As the UN celebrates 75 years in existence, there is much to celebrate, and be thankful for. The UN helped shape an international order following years of warfare, and strife. The UN gave the world a platform to share its problems and prepare solutions. The UN gave countries like mine – the smallest of the smallest – an equal voice, a place at the table, the ability to contribute, and to make a difference. It remains the best hope for the security of small States like mine.

Yes, we all agree that the UN needs reform, to come to terms with the current membership and the current times. But we cannot dispute that the UN is still necessary. The UN still presents the best hope for humanity, the best opportunity for cooperation, the best platform for dialogue, the best check against rising tide of ultra-nationalism, and xenophobia.

Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

We must once again come together, determined to uphold peace, preserve fundamental human rights, human dignity, and the worth of every person, and every nation large and small.

We must once again, commit to practise tolerance, promote dialogue over war, and employ global cooperation for the advancement of all people.

We must once again, come together, resolute in our commitment to the principles of the UN, to revive the true spirit of multilateralism, to herald in a truly just and happier world.

Mr President, “A handful though we are” - the Maldives stands ready to do our part - just as we did 55 years ago!

I thank you.

His Royal Highness Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Bahrain,

His Excellency Dr. Abdullatif bin Rashid Al Zayani, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Bahrain,

His Excellency Antonio Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations,

Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of the World Health Organization, 

Distinguished Participants, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen.

I commend His Royal Highness Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Bahrain, and the World Health Organization for ensuring that this important event takes place this year in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. It is truly an honour to take part in the Bahrain Visions Forum and I am delighted to be a part of what is a timely and important discussion.

Excellencies,

2020 has been a devastating year. And what makes it unique is that these difficulties have spared no corner of the world.  What lies before us is not just an unprecedented health crisis posed by COVID-19. This health crisis has developed into an economic and social crisis, the impacts of which will linger for years to come.

2020 has also ushered in the decade of action and delivery, giving us a chance to reassess our journey in achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in a world where much has changed in the last 5 years. One thing is absolutely clear; transformative action is needed. This is why the Bahrain Visions Forum comes at the most opportune time.

It is clear that we must continue to work together in addressing the challenges in achieving the SDGs, and ensure that no one and no country is left behind. COVID-19 has also shown that no country, big or small, rich or poor, can face the crisis alone. We have been fortunate that our friends in the international community have helped us in our journey so far.

Despite the urgency of the COVID-19 response, we must not lose sight of our medium- and longer-term development goals. The realisation of these goals is vital to ensuring we build back better, greener and stronger.

Excellencies,

The Maldives has long placed great importance on SDG 13 and has been a champion of addressing the issue of climate change. It is clear that climate change and sustainable development are undeniably linked. It has left us with a narrow window of opportunity to reverse its negative effects.   

The impacts of climate change are here with us today – from hurricanes in the Atlantic, to forest fires on the West coast of the Americas. Closer to home, we are seeing higher tidal waves, winds, coral bleaching, sea swells and flooding. The science is irrefutable and the time for waiting is over.

Unless we can reverse the current global trajectory of climate change, we are threatening the attainment of many SDGs, disproportionately affecting the most vulnerable among us.

Excellencies,

As a small island state, or as I prefer, a large ocean state, with over ninety thousand square kilometres of ocean, the Maldives’ fate is tied to the health and wealth of our ocean. We rely on the ocean for not just our tourism, food supply and transportation; it is also deeply linked to our identity, culture and way of life. We have all seen the plague of plastic pollution in our ocean, islands and waterways. We must act now with utmost urgency.

Recognizing that change starts at home, we have pledged to phase out single use plastics by 2023 and will continue to work with like-minded countries to preserve the health and wealth of our ocean.

Excellencies,

Our Government, and I personally, place great importance on the implementation of SDG 5 – ensuring Gender Equality. In this regard, we have allocated a third of local council seats to women. I am also proud to announce that, for the first time, we have achieved gender parity among Heads of Missions in our Foreign Service. It’s a personal commitment of mine and gender equality is a key pillar of ensuring we achieve our sustainable development goals.

Excellencies,

We are under no illusions. The difficulty in achieving the 2030 Agenda has been made more challenging due to COVID-19.

As a small island state, we are vulnerable. Vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, vulnerable to external shocks, vulnerable to rising commodity prices and vulnerable to the decline in tourism. We know that we need to build climate-resilient infrastructure and take steps to ensure that our implementation of the SDGs are broad and inclusive to overcome these vulnerabilities.

It is only through genuine partnership and cooperation in a spirit of multilateralism and leaving no one behind that we will be able to build a secure, resilient and prosperous world for everyone.

I thank you.